Alfred Bernhard Nobel
was born on 10/21/1833 in Sweden, partly grew up in Saint Petersburg, apart from
Swedish he spoke four foreign languages fluently and made early experiences in the USA.
In 1864 he established his nitroglycerine factory in Hamburg, because Sweden
had not authorized his dangerous experiments as a consequence of an explosion
that had occurred briefly before which led to five deaths, among them his younger
brother Emil. In 1867 he got his most important invention, the dynamite, patented.
Dynamite - and his warmongering clients - made him rich.
Except for the mansion in San Remo, he also possessed a mansion in Paris, Avenue Malakoff.
Apart from that, however, he used to live rather modestly.
In 1876, through a want ad in the newspaper, he took on the Viennese countess
Bertha von Kinsky as a secretary and supervisor of his household
at the Avenue Malakoff. Unfortunately only for eight days. Then Bertha received
a telegram from Vienna. I cannot live without thee, wrote the older
brother of Bertha's students at the Suttner family.
She left and married him. As Bertha von Suttner she was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1905
for her long-standing commitment in the peace movement. Meanwhile she has reappeared
again on the Austrian 2-€ coin.
When Alfred Nobel died in San Remo on 12/10/1896, he held 355 patents and owned 90
factories within 20 countries. He left part of his fortune to a Nobel fund
and asked the Norwegian parliament, by testament, to set up an annual prize award for
those who during the preceding year have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.
was born on 02/25/1871 as Larisa Kosatch within a nationalist wolhynian aristocratic family.
Already in the mid-1880's she published her first poems. But first only in the Austrian
crown lands, Galicia and Bukovina, as the Ukrainian language had been banned by the
Tsar in 1876. Later on she translated western and southern European authors into Ukrainian.
She suffered from childhood from a tuberculosis of the bone and therefore spent much
time abroad seeking for remedy against the supposed rheumatism. She died in Kiev on